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Virtual Research Environment (VRE, synonyms:Science Gateway, Collaboratory, Digital Library, Inhabited Information Space, e-Infrastructure, CyberinfrastructureVirtual Laboratory): a web-based working environment tailored to serve the needs of a research community. A VRE is expected to provide an array of commodities needed to accomplish the research community’s goal(s); it is open and flexible with respect to the overall service offering and lifetime; and it promotes fine-grained controlled sharing of both intermediate and final research results by guaranteeing ownership, provenance and attribution.